WindStar Wildlife Institute
Once you learn the four elements of a wildlife habitat -
food, water, cover and space - you can move on to the
16 components of a habitat.
When you become familiar with both the elements and
components, you'll have the information you need to
enhance your habitat for years to come.
Components of a
Wildlife Habitat
here are eight structural
components and eight living or
plant components to fulfill the
needs of a habitat. These become
your building blocks in establishing
or enhancing a wildlife habitat.
If you have all 16 components in
your habitat, you will attract a
multitude of different species of
wildlife for viewing or
Feeders are used to supplement
the foods provided by trees,
shrubs, flowers, crops in food
plots, vines, and ground covers.
Most people set up feeding
stations outside a window in the
house where they can easily view
the feeders and take photographs.
In most areas of the country,
you can attract 20 to 25 species
of birds to feeders. The best all-
around bird seed is black oil
sunflower. It can be used in tray
feeders, cylindrical and hopper
feeders, plus it can be spread on
the ground for ground feeding
birds (and chipmunks and
Cylindrical Feeders - may be
made of plastic or metal.
Small seed pods dispense
niger thistle seeds which are
preferred by goldfinches, house
finches, and pine siskins.
Larger seed pods dispense
sunflower or seed mixes. A cap
slips off the feeder for easily
Hopper Feeders - may be
made of wood, plastic, or
metal and come in a variety of
sizes. One side of the top


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